On the second weekend of May, thousands of people from across Europe
gathered in a small corner of Lusatia, close to the German border with Poland.
They were there for Ende Gelände (here and no further) - a
climate camp organised with one goal: to shut down one of the most polluting
coal mines in Europe - and they succeeded.
The coal in Lustasia is wet, brown coal - lignite - the most
climate-damaging coal in the world. Germany plans to phase out coal by 2050,
but our planet simply doesn't have that much time.
Between Friday and Sunday, excavation was stopped in part of the pit and 80
coal train trips were stopped between the mine and the power plant that burns
its coal, which powered down to just 20% of its capacity.
We spoke to some of the people who travelled there.
We expected a police blockade. We expected some sort of resistance. Instead,
as our white-overalled swarm snaked off into the distance, through the leafy
woods and out of sight, we began to realise that "we are unstoppable"
wasn't just something we were chanting: it was a very real description of what
was going on.
A police car backed up the tail end of the march, blaring a looped recording
explaining that we were entering private property, and that we were trespassing
on Vattenfall's property. Illegal? Maybe. Immoral? Definitely not. We turned
off the road and left the police behind.
The coal mine we spent that day in is produces 20 million tonnes of coal
every year. And it's huge: the pit stretches off into the horizon, with giant building-sized
machines barely visible in the distance.
And it's growing. Farmland is being chewed up and spat out as the pit is dug
out and expanded by vertiginous 'Baggers' - huge digging machines designed to
mutilate the Earth. Its expansion also means there are no fences around the
mine. Why build one if you'll have to knock it down two weeks later?
It is also extremely depressing. It is a dead space where nothing grows,
where the air is toxic with radiation and thick black dust. There's real
happiness when we finally clamber out of the pit and find ourselves walking
back through lush Saxonian forests. Next time someone tells you that wind farms
are a blight on the landscape, show them a coal mine.
Radek, Czech Republic
On Friday I joined the 'blue finger' – a group of hundreds of people who
entered the pit. We were in the deepest part of the mine, where we danced on
the diggers and enjoyed ourselves. It was one of the deepest experiences of my
life. I've never seen such a destroyed landscape. It was like we were on
The next day I joined the blockade of coal trains on the train tracks from
the mine to the plant. It was also nice experience, spending day and night
outside with all sorts of nice people, who were resolved to block power plant
in the cold and rain.
Coming from the Czech Republic, we were really interested in Ende Gelande
this year, because the Czech corporation EPH looks like it will buy the mines
and power plants in Lusatia from Vattenfall. Their owner Daniel
Křetínský is an oligarch with a poor reputation in our
country, having been named in the Panama Papers, and having been investigated
by the European Commission.
I had a little bit of vertigo as I climbed one of the biggest machines in
the world. I tried not to look directly down. Instead i looked to the horizon
of the lunar landscape before me and as far as the eye could see was sand and
coal dust. I was with thousands of others taking part in an occupation of one
of Germany's largest opencast coal mines. It felt powerful to be with so many
others going directly to the destructive machines and stopping them.
Nearby is the town of Proschim which is slated for destruction by the
expansion of this mine. Proschim like many villages in Germany has a community
energy project where they produce their own energy from wind and solar, but all
this will be destroyed if the mine is allowed to continue to expand. And I
thought about all the community
energy projects that I know that are fighting to change our energy system,
and I thought we've got to win this thing.
The next stop for the European climate justice movement is in August, where
a climate camp in the Rhineland will feature action training and a degrowth
summer school - more