A draft global plan to halt the
collapse of nature will not protect vulnerable communities or stop the Earth's
sixth mass extinction, claims Friends of the Earth. The call comes as
governments meet in Rome for the first time today to work on a
"Paris-style" United Nations agreement that will eventually be agreed
in October. 
The plan will replace an existing
10-year strategy which was barely implemented and dramatically failed to halt
the loss of nature. Last year an intergovernmental panel of scientists called for an urgent and
fundamental shift away from growth-based economies after reporting that more
species are threatened with extinction than ever before. 
Nele Mariën, Forests
and Biodiversity Coordinator at Friends of the Earth International, said: "The
current draft plan is hopelessly weak and inadequate. It won't prevent the
sixth mass extinction or build a fairer and safer future. It requires binding
rules to ensure we start living within planetary boundaries, reduce inequality,
address corporate conflict of interest and ensure rights for Indigenous Peoples
and Local Communities. In short we need system change."
international nature campaigner at Friends of the Earth Europe said: "Time has
almost run out. We need an urgent plan to save humanity and this is not it.
National governments need to step up and reverse our growth-obsessed,
nature-wrecking economies if we are going to stand any chance of stopping the
collapse of the natural world. Rich countries such as those in the EU – who
continue to contribute most to the destruction through their over-consumption
and damaging corporations – have a responsibility to play a much stronger role."
Governments from around the world
will work all week in Rome on a new plan. However, the
first draft, which was published in January , lacks ambition and urgent targets for saving people and nature . In particular, it:
to address the root causes of the collapse of nature – the over-consumption of
resources by wealthier countries, industrial agriculture and an economic system
that drives further destruction and greater inequality, all of which require
wealthy countries to support a just transition in the global South.
legally binding mechanisms to enforce an agreed plan. The main failure of the
existing plan was that governments mostly ignored it without repercussions.
weaker targets than the existing plan. There is no plan to halt damaging
practices such as mining, commodity crops or pesticide use.
for nature to be destroyed as long as it is saved elsewhere – which would lead
to corporations putting a price on nature and offsetting their damage by paying
to save it in another place. This will inevitably lead to a financial market in
saving and destroying biodiversity and ignores the vital role of Indigenous
Peoples and local communities in defending ecosystems.
to put communities – and especially Indigenous Peoples – at the heart of nature
protection. Likewise, mentions of justice, equity and poverty reduction are
missing, as is any obligation for wealthy countries to provide resources to
support the Global South.