11 December 2012
The European Parliament has prioritised trade over human
rights and sustainable development today in a vote that brings into force two
agreements between the European Union and Central America, and Colombia and Peru. The agreements will not do enough to address human rights abuses in Latin America according to broad group of civil society organisations .
The two agreements build upon the 'business as usual' model
of raw material extraction and export from Latin American countries to the
European Union – a model proven to favour transnational corporations over
inclusive and sustainable development. For example, the European Commission's
own study on the sustainability impacts of the agreements show an increase in
biofuel production for export – with the resulting increase of pressure on
land. The impacts of this are being felt by rural populations, especially
indigenous peoples .
The European Union argues that these agreements will
strengthen action in the field of human rights, in particular through the
democratic clause of the two agreements that will allow for the suspension of
the agreements in case of serious human rights violations. However, according
to undersigned organisations the agreements do not go far enough to guarantee
the respect for human rights. According to studies by the London School of
Economics commissioned by the European Parliament in March this year, the two
agreements lack mechanisms for monitoring and enforcing human rights,
highlighting that there is no there is no specific mechanism to monitor the
implementation of the human rights clause, or a subcommittee dedicated to
monitoring human rights and democracy issues.
Colombia remains the most dangerous
country for trade unionists in the world. The Office of the Prosecutor of the
International Criminal Court has reported there is a reasonable basis to
believe that crimes against humanity have been committed in Colombia both by the State and by paramilitaries and members of the guerrillas. Ten trade
unionists were murdered in Guatemala in 2011; the UN has proclaimed Honduras to be one of the most violent countries in the world and the most dangerous for
journalists and peasant organisations.
In November, the governments of Colombia and Peru submitted documents in response to the request of the European Parliament to develop a
legally binding "roadmap" oriented towards concrete results in human
rights, environment and labour standards. According to civil society
organisations, these documents lack concrete results, and in addition do not
include specific measures to mitigate the impacts of these agreements.
The agreements still need to be ratified by the European
Union member states. National parliaments are called upon to listen to the
outcry of the Latin American and European people and give priority to human
rights and sustainable development.
 ALOP, APRODEV, CIFCA, CNCD, FIAN, Friends of the Earth Europe, Grupo Sur, OIDHACO. In October, more than 160 European and Latin American civil
society organisations sent a letter to the European Parliament, demanding it
reject the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Colombia and Peru. In June, 11 Central American networks and six European and international networks
pronounced their opposition to the Association Agreement between the European
Union and Central America signed in Honduras on the 29th of June, one day after
the third anniversary of the coup d'état en Honduras. These appeals came
amid fears of the dramatic consequences these agreements might have on human
rights, food sovereignty, local economies such as the dairy sector and the
environment - impacting the lives of entire communities.
 For more information see the report "EU Trade Agreements with Central America, Colombia and Peru:
Roadblocks for Sustainable Development" by
ALOP, APRODEV, CIFCA, Grupo Sur and OIDHACO.
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