Protest targets Canadian tar sands at Berlin tourism fair
A leader of Canada's Indigenous peoples gave a dramatic
eyewitness account of the environmental and social devastation associated with
mining tar sands at the world's biggest tourism fair today.
Representatives from Canada's First Nations and Friends of
the Earth Europe are at the Berlin ITB expo to protest about the destruction of
Canada's natural environment and publicise the dangers of tar sands expansion.
Last night they displayed a powerful message on the
Canadian Embassy building in Berlin calling on Canada to stop developing tar
sands and undermining EU climate polices.
The action took place during an event for tourism industry
organized by the Canadian Embassy to support Canadian travel operators present
at the International Travel Fair (ITB).
The Canadian government is portraying Canada as a pristine
country with natural beauty and huge cultural diversity where First Nations
live. Yet Canada heavily supports the development of tar sands and lobbies for
EU support. This contradicts and destroys the image the country presents to
The action comes ahead of a key vote by the European
Council later this year that could deter tar sands from being exported to
Europe. The European Commission said recently it was sticking to its guns in
labeling tar sands as one of the world's dirtiest crudes under the Fuel Quality
Directive (FQD) despite strong protests from Ottawa and a major lobbying effort
by the oil industry to water down the EU law. The Directive is a pillar of the
bloc's climate legislation that aims to reduce emissions from transport fuels.
Canada sits on the world's third-largest oil reserves but
the vast majority is unconventional crude, including tar sands – clay-like
deposits that are some of the oil industry's most polluting fuels. European
Commission studies show that mining just one barrel of oil from tar sands
generates 23% more emissions than from conventional crudes.
NASA scientist James Hansen has warned in an opinion piece
for the New York Times that if Canada continued to exploit oil sands production
it will mean "game over" for the planet.
Canada's tar sands operations are concentrated in the
second most western province of Alberta, spanning roughly 700 square kilometers
an area so large they can be seen from space.
Ottawa's shame: the untold story
Chief Bill Erasmus, head of the Dene Nation in the
Northwest Territories, said Canada has gone from being known as the "Great
White North" and a country of outstanding natural beauty to a
"petro-state" with one of the highest per-capita greenhouse gas
emissions in the world. The Dene Nation covers a large geographical area — from
Alaska to the southern-most tip of North America.
"The tar sands industry is destroying the way of
life of First Nations peoples. On the one hand Ottawa is seeking to sell Canada
as a top tourist destination for nature lovers at the ITB while simultaneously
destroying kilometers of wilderness," said
Erasmus, from Denendeh, who is also a regional chief of the Assembly of First
Nations, Northwest Territories.
Alberta is home to the Canadian Rocky Mountains, one of the
country's main attractions, that draws millions of tourists every year – 2.1
million Europeans in 2012 alone. According to Canadian government statistics,
Europe is the source of most of its overseas visitors annually with the United
Kingdom (622,754), France (432,987) and Germany (308,825) sending the most.
Erasmus said the extraction process was making his
ancestral homeland uninhabitable in contravention of existing treaties. And he
revealed how mining squandered vast amounts of fresh water and natural gas,
left lakes of sludgy toxic pollution and released carcinogens into the
environment (Please see attachment 1).
There is evidence the oil's environmental impact is having
a detrimental effect on Canada's image abroad, according to documents obtained
by Friends of the Earth Europe under access-to-information laws. In one heavily
redacted email detailing a high-level meeting between British and Canadian
diplomats, Gordon Campbell, the Canadian High Commissioner to the UK, described
tar sands as "a totemic issue, hitting directly on Brand Canada".
(Please see attachment 2).
Europe next if Canada has its way
Canadian tar sands could soon hit European shores despite
the European Commission's effort to label fuels from tar sands deposits as
highly polluting under the FQD. Canada is urgently seeking new markets for its
energy-intensive tar sand oil to compensate for dwindling U.S. buying and has
European refiners in its sights.
"If Canada, which recently withdrew from the Kyoto
Protocol, is successful in watering down EU laws on emissions allowed from
fuels it will open the door to oil sands-derived fuels in Europe and seriously
undermine Europe's fight against climate change," said Darek Urbaniak of Friends of the Earth Europe.
"Canada through intense lobbying efforts has been
trying to scupper EU legislation since it was first mooted. EU law makers know
tar sands are the most climate hostile energy source in commercial production
today and they should not give in to Canadian pressure," he said.
An inconclusive EU vote on the introduction of the FQD last
year forced the European Commission to carry out an Impact Assessment on the
Directive, the results of which are due out in the next couple of months ahead
of another European Council vote later in the year. Just last month, in a major
lobbying effort, two ministers from Alberta visited 11 EU countries between
them to argue that the proposed EU law discriminates unfairly against Canadian
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